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One of the simplest ways of classification is to classify textiles other than general clothing and home decoration textiles as technical textiles. Let’s see what are so called Technical Textiles.
The upstream of the textile industry chain is the petrochemical raw material. After being manufactured into nylon fiber, polyester fiber, rayon fiber, carbon fiber and other human fiber products, it is spun into yarn, then woven into cloth, and then bleached, dyed, printed, Dyeing and finishing procedures such as coating, finishing, tailoring and sewing into garment products or other related textile products. The textile manufacturing process can be divided into four stages: fiber, textile, dyeing and finishing, ready-to-wear/home textiles, among which textiles can be further divided into two steps: spinning and weaving: spinning is the transformation of roving into spun yarn. After being sent to the factory, the yarn is inserted into the operation axis of the textile machine table, and the textile machine table pulls the yarn upward and sends it to the textile machine; the next step is the weaving step, at this stage, the shuttle is used in the textile machine. It shuttles back and forth continuously, and finally weaves it into a piece of cloth. After finishing the cloth fabric (including cotton, wool, synthetic fiber, etc.) into a box, it can be sent to downstream manufacturers for post-processing to form a textile industry chain.
The word "function" originates from Japan, so it is understandable that functional textiles began in various chemical fiber factories in Japan. In the early days, it was emphasized that new materials produce new functions, often first with relevant fiber function technologies, and then looking for new functional applications. What is the "functionality" of textiles? The most incisive "functional" design is multi-faceted. Functions are related to people themselves and their living environment, including comfortable and healthy functions, leisure and sports functions, safety and protection functions. Contains medical and physiological functions.
Suddenly, everyone was eager to get on the green train. But with sober thinking, perhaps our best practices are just around the corner: eco-friendly fabrics, local manufacturing, and gentle and natural processing. This article will start from three directions: ecological man-made fibers, yarn built-in component addition technology, and environmental protection post-processing, and take stock of the natural resources that can be used in the textile industry.
Carbon neutrality, inflation, and rising energy costs will speed up the restructuring of the textile fiber supply chain. Suppliers with vertically consistent factories and green products are expected to win.