Germany is the second-largest producer of machine tools in the world, after China. From the advanced German machine tool technology, to explore the development of the machine tool market.
Machine Tool Market Overview in Germany:
In 2021, the output value of German machine tools is 11,011 million US dollars, the export value is 7,377 million US dollars, the import value is 2,255 million US dollars, and the consumption value is 6,061 million US dollars. The German machine tool market accounted for 67.0% of the export and 37.2% of the import. The growth rate reached 11.5%, of which the top three exporting countries were China, the United States, and Italy, and the top three export markets accounted for 39.4%.
Germany Machine Tool Domestic market:
Looking at the German domestic market, the automobile and component manufacturing industry is the industry leader in Germany, and about 45% of the global machine tool application field is in the automotive manufacturing industry. The changes in German machine tool consumption are closely related to the automobile industry.
Main Application Industries of Machine Tools:
Germany's auto and component ecosystem includes thousands of companies with a complete upstream and downstream supply chain. Especially in the brand side and Tier 1 manufacturers, it is also the leader of the global auto industry, including Mercedes-Benz, BMW, BOSCH, and other companies.
German car sales will decline in 2021, with 2.62 million new vehicles registered throughout the year, a 10.1% decrease from 2020. However, the decline in non-market demand was mainly due to supply chain disruptions, especially the shortage of wafers, which caused manufacturers to be unable to meet delivery orders. The market trend of the German automobile manufacturing industry in the past five years has shown a decline in the output value or export value of fuel vehicles in its bulk market, while the sales of electric vehicles have grown significantly. At the same time, for the EU's plan to ban the sale of fuel vehicles in 2035, Germany and Japan both have new fuel technologies and fuel vehicle markets, and are more inclined to use biomass fuels to replace gasoline and diesel produced by refining petroleum fuels.
In 2021, the new German government plans to provide huge funds to solve the problem of semiconductor supply chain interruption, about 11 billion US dollars to attract semiconductor companies from various countries to set up factories and promote local production. The German Ministry of Economic Affairs has selected 32 investment plans for microelectronics-related industries, from upstream chip design, mid-stage chip production, packaging, and testing, to downstream electronic system integration. It is hoped that the EU's Important Projects of Common European Interest (IPCEI), can get rid of the lack of chips and overseas dependence, and further solve the most important production capacity of Germany's automobile manufacturing industry.
The scale revenue of the German semiconductor industry is about the top 10 in the world. Among them, the largest semiconductor factory in Germany is Infineon, which mainly develops the automotive semiconductor market. Other semiconductor brands include NXP, Renesas, TI, and ST. In addition, electric vehicles use a lot of technology applications such as IoT, 5G, and AI, and the demand for high-power third-generation semiconductors has also increased significantly. As Europe gradually attaches importance to the stability of semiconductor manufacturing and regional supply chains, and the government has also developed a related semiconductor factory subsidy bill, it is expected that more demand for semiconductor equipment will be created in the future.
The European Union is one of the most active regions in the world to promote green energy. In recent years, from the European Union to international organization meetings, it has actively promoted the Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM) carbon emission management mechanism. It is expected that the CBAM policy will have a comprehensive impact and impact on the global manufacturing industry and related supply chains. Initially, the carbon content of steel, cement, fertilizer, aluminum, and electricity will be declared and controlled. From 2026, carbon emissions will be charged for related designated commodities, and commodities exported from Europe must also follow CBAM specifications.
At this stage, machine tools are mainly used in automotive, aerospace and defense, electronics, and motor industries, accounting for about 3/4, and other industries account for 1/4.
It is estimated that in the next 10 years, energy equipment for offshore wind power and large-scale energy storage systems will become a new market demand for machine tools. In addition, the energy system application market will gradually shift from oil and natural gas drilling equipment, storage/transportation devices, coal, and fossil energy power generation systems, nuclear power generation systems, etc. to renewable energy power generation systems (solar, wind, biomass) and Trends in various advanced energy storage systems.
Analysis of the Development Trend of Machine Tool Technology:
German machine tool technology is the world leader, and the development of German machine tool technology represents the future trend of machine tool technology. Most of the machine tools produced in Germany belong to the high unit price models. Due to the consideration of technology-intensiveness, most German machine tools are directly sold to the user manufacturers and cooperate with the interactive consulting services of the two parties to show the characteristics and advantages of the products, and even some manufacturers set up training factories, which provides an environment for potential customers to operate on a real machine.
Production line system customization:
For end-users of machine tools, highly customized products with a small amount of variety and variation have gradually become the norm. Therefore, machine tool manufacturers need to take necessary measures from different aspects such as processing technology and process, production equipment, and factory management. To meet customers' customized and flexible production needs.
Diversified smart functions:
Combining intelligent machine equipment with technologies such as sensing, communication network, cloud computing, data analysis and simulation, machine learning, and decision assistance can realize pre-processing simulation, visualization of machine operation information, health status monitoring, predictive maintenance, tool management, automatic scheduling, and other functions.
Process virtual and real integration:
Create an object in the real world in the digital world, use it for various tests, and then send the object data in the real world back to the digital world.
Trend Pulsing for Industry 4.0:
IoT system integration:
While collecting data, factories must integrate huge data with IT, and finally use and manage them. The related technologies include virtual-real integration and cloud computing, etc., which can be applied to predictive maintenance to improve production efficiency. At the same time, it can also have a small number of various efficiencies.
From automated manufacturing to machine learning self-optimization, it reduces manual adjustments or interventions and provides flexibility for production lines. In the face of an aging society in the future, the labor force is declining, and automation also helps to keep industries in their own countries.
It will play a supporting role to assist the production of physical products. Under the circumstance that the virtual and real worlds are parallel and parallel, they can simulate the results caused by different behaviors through digital avatars, supervise technology and management equipment, and accelerate and optimize the production line process.
Information security and efficient use of energy:
Due to the combination of the physical world and the digital world, the flow of data has greatly increased, and the risks encountered in the production chain have also increased. Information security issues will be paid more and more attention. To achieve the goal of net-zero carbon emissions, improving energy efficiency has also become a trend.