What Are the Common Types of Lathes?
Knowledge

What Are the Common Types of Lathes?

The most common machine tool is a lathe, which can be divided into different types according to different processing conditions for the turning process.
Published: Mar 24, 2020
What Are the Common Types of Lathes?

The lathe machine is used to remove excess material from the workpiece so that the workpiece conforms to the desired style and size. Depending on the characteristics, the following types can be divided into several types: center lathes or engine lathes, speed lathes, capstan lathes or turret lathes, tool room lathes, bench lathes, automatic lathes, special lathes, and CNC lathes.

  1. Center lathe or engine lathe machine:
    This is a type of lathe that is currently widely used and can perform operations such as turning, end face, grooving, knurling, and threading. The feed mechanism of the engine lathe can operate the cutting tool in both the longitudinal and lateral directions. The center lathe can be divided into belt drive, motor drive and reducer depending on the drive source.
  2. Speed lathe machine:
    The high-speed lathe can also be called a wood lathe, which can be operated at high speed and is operated manually. The speed ​​range for high-speed lathes is approximately 1200 to 3600 RPM. This lathe is used for the rotation, centering, polishing and machining of wood.
  3. Capstan and turret lathe machine:
    Capstan and turret lathes are improvements in engine lathes that can be used for high volume production and for large jobs. The head of the machine tool is a hexagonal head, which can be rotated to change the operation without manual change, including turning, end face, boring and reaming.
  4. Toolroom lathe machine:
    The tool room lathe is similar to the engine lathe, but its parts are manufactured with great precision and in order, so this machine is used for high precision grinding machining.
  5. Bench lathe machine:
    The small size of the bench lathe can be used for smaller and more precise work, with parts similar to engine lathes and high-speed lathes.
  6. Automatic lathe machine:
    The automatic lathe can perform work automatically and can be used for mass production. The automatic machine will automatically change without having to change the tool manually. The advantage is that an operator can handle the operation of multiple machines at the same time. The automatic lathe is a high-speed and heavy-duty machine.
  7. Special lathe machine:
    Special lathes are used to perform special operations that are not possible with the rest of the lathe. Special lathes include vertical lathes, wheeled lathes, T-type lathes, multi-axis lathes, production lathes, duplex or tracer lathes, etc., which are known for their heavy-duty production of the same parts.
  8. CNC lathe machine:
    The CNC lathe is used to control the operation of the machine tool through a computer program. Once the program is input in steps, mass production can be performed with high precision and high speed, and once the operation code is set, it can be produced without re-entering the next time. CNC lathes are the most advanced types of lathes available today, and the tolerances of the parts they produce are extremely precise.
Published: Mar 24, 2020 Source :learnmechanical

  • Machine Tool Industry
  • Lathe Machine
  • CNC Lathe

Further reading

You might also be interested in ...

Headline
Knowledge
What Is Information Security?
Information is an asset to an organization, as valuable as other important operating assets, so it needs to be properly protected continuously. Information security can protect information from various threats, ensure continued operations, minimize operating losses, and obtain a return on investment and business opportunities.
Headline
Knowledge
What Is Hyper Converge Infrastructure?
The IT room is an indispensable data management center for all companies. It can not only store customer information and transaction records, but also provide application systems for employees to perform operations and maintain operations. It also needs to store important confidential company information. However, building a traditional IT computer room requires a lot of cost and space. Because technological breakthroughs and hyper-converged architecture technology can help companies simplify management processes and reduce construction and maintenance costs, it has become the mainstream IT architecture in the future.
Headline
Knowledge
What Is Water Transfer Printing?
Water transfer printing technology (WTP) can be applied to various materials and objects through the technology of printing pictures and texts on planes and transferring three-dimensional curved surfaces through the application of water.
Headline
Knowledge
What Is an Electric Linear Actuator?
With the continuous development of the downstream industry of electric pushrods and the continuous expansion of electric push rod applications, the global demand for electric pushrods has shown a rapid growth trend. In 2019, the global electric push rod market has exceeded 15 billion yuan.
Headline
Knowledge
What Is an Indexing Plate?
In recent years, the domestic and foreign medical and aerospace industries have developed vigorously, and the demand for related precision components has increased. Domestic and foreign manufacturers have invested in five-axis machining to improve manufacturing precision and provide high-stability and high-quality processed parts.
Headline
Knowledge
What Is Topology Optimization?
Under the influence of the China-US trade war and COVID-19, the border management of various countries is still very strict, and global economic and trade activities have not been thawed, which has caused the price of some raw materials to rise. Therefore, if machine tools can be designed with a lightweight structure, it will reduce manufacturing costs and increase profits. Lightweight moving castings can also improve the dynamic characteristics, which will be of considerable help to high-speed or high-precision machine control.
Headline
Knowledge
SASE Access Architecture Becomes the Future of Cloud Security
Remote access and cloud computing access have become the new normal of global business after the epidemic. Enterprises are faced with many problems such as hybrid cloud configuration, diversified network access, key data security protection, and network access management.
Headline
Knowledge
What Is the Warehousing and Transportation Industry?
With the soaring volume of e-commerce transactions, the demand for logistics is also rising. In the process of industry transformation and upgrading, smart technology has become one of the keys to industry development.
Headline
Knowledge
What Are Mechanism Design and Its Application?
A mechanism design requires consideration of materials, specifications, precision, manufacturing processes, functions, etc., and must be cost-effective to create a good mechanism design.
Headline
Knowledge
What Is an RF Filter?
In microwave communication systems, such as radars, test, and measurement systems, etc., microwave radio frequency filters are the key electronic components. The filter is a passive circuit, and after proper design and setting, it can produce microwave radio frequency filtering.
Headline
Knowledge
The Development and Application of Remote Operation
In the digital age, remote management helps factory operators to continuously adjust processes, carry out maintenance work, and make operational decisions based on feasible recommendations, which can improve efficiency and easily troubleshoot problems even when they cannot or do not want to go to the site.
Headline
Knowledge
Market Development of Hybrid Electric Vehicle and Electric Vehicle
In response to energy-saving trends, the automotive industry has developed Hybrid Electric Vehicles and Electric Vehicles. Hybrid electric vehicles and electric vehicles belong to the two major trends of the current Green Car development. According to their design concepts and structural differences, in fact, HEV and EV can each be subdivided into different types.
Agree