Develop the Industry 4.0 Industrial Model and Improve Industrial Resilience
Trend

Develop the Industry 4.0 Industrial Model and Improve Industrial Resilience

Smart manufacturing utilizes advanced manufacturing technology and provides solutions through AI, the Internet of Things, big data, cloud, edge computing, and other technologies to substitute the production process into an intelligent manufacturing model and customize products according to customer needs.
Published: Apr 12, 2022
Develop the Industry 4.0 Industrial Model and Improve Industrial Resilience

The Industrial Model of Industry 4.0:

Smart factories can quickly switch processes and mass-produce customized or even unique products at the same cost. Corporate branding or manufacturing scale is no longer a key advantage. The traditional supply chain is completely broken, and innovative enterprises occupy the market with revolutionary smart products and intelligent rapidity and win the market competition with subversive business models.

The Development Background of Industry 4.0:

The rise and popularization of mechanization, electric power, and information technology (IT) have triggered three industrial revolutions successively, and have promoted major progress in the development of human civilization. The development of data communication technology and the breakthrough of computer computing power have driven the trend of digitalization, which has triggered the fourth industrial revolution, also known as Industry 4.0. Industry 4.0 not only changes the way of production of goods or the provision of services through smart factories and smart production, but each industry will inevitably develop its own unique Industry 4.0 according to the characteristics and needs of the industry.

Key Applications for Industry 4.0

  1. Cyber-Physical System (CPS):
    Cyber-Physical System (CPS) is the key technology of Industry 4.0. Through computers, Sensors, and the use of network technology to connect various devices, machines, and digital systems. Through the communication and interaction between them, the virtual and physical worlds are seamlessly integrated. CPS also embeds computing and communication into physical operation programs, adding new intelligence and capabilities to physical systems, achieving real-time perception, dynamic control, and providing intelligent instant messaging services. Therefore, many companies have begun to deploy in the direction of CPS, and Factory 4.0 has also responded and is life. The concept of CPS has been implemented in many industrial fields, such as online and offline systems (O2O) in the retail industry, omnichannel marketing, smart home, transportation, security, environmental control, process control, and other fields, bringing economic, political and social benefits. for a comprehensive change.
  2. Intelligent robots and machines:
    Robots have gradually replaced human labor. Industrial robots of various types and different purposes have not only grown rapidly in number but have also gradually become more intelligent, able to adapt, communicate and interact, gradually replacing human workflows in certain fields. With human-machine interfaces equipped with smart sensor capabilities and humans working together to perform tasks, there will still be a significant increase in production capacity, which will have a huge impact on the cost structure of factories and the required skills.
  3. Industrial virtualization/automation:
    When building a new factory or producing new products in an existing factory area, Industry 4.0 will use virtual factories or products to prepare for physical mass production. If any process is simulated and confirmed in the virtual environment first, it represents the final the solution is ready, all software, parameters, and numerical matrices have been uploaded to the physical machine that controls mass production, and the physical correspondence has also been completed, so the virtual factory can be used for production design, and it is easy to use 3D technology. Interaction visualization of worker and machine.
  4. Big data:
    The factory of the future will generate vast amounts of data, which will be stored, processed, and analyzed. In the environment of Industry 4.0, CPS can be further developed to manage and make good use of massive data, use the interconnectivity of machines to achieve the goal of machine intelligence, flexibility, and automatic adjustment, and even integrate CPS into industrial practice mass production, logistics and service. This will transform today's factories into highly competitive and economically promising Industry 4.0 factories. At the same time, the integration of massive data and cloud computing is bound to lead to a new type of information application model, thereby bringing about intelligent innovation.
  5. IT system:
    Today's IT systems have become the core of production systems. In the context of Industry 4.0, IT systems use the cloud, mobile devices, and big data to collaborate and collaborate. These IT systems will be more closely linked between the sub-systems, processing flows, interfacing internal and external modules, and network connections between suppliers and customers. Its complexity has also increased to form an intelligent supply chain, which has been transformed into a super-large information system that connects enterprises across regions. In the factory, the IT system will follow a clear standard specification, integrate software and hardware, storage equipment, and peripheral systems, and connect to form a Cyber-Physical Production System (CPPS), which has the ability of real-time control and can be based on product characteristics and process equipment. The sensing elements interact with each other, and with different types of production processes, the machine operation program can be changed flexibly, so that the production process can be adjusted in a short time, avoiding downtime caused by process changes, thereby improving the availability of the overall equipment, thereby greatly improving production. efficiency.
  6. Artificial Intelligence:
    The reason why artificial intelligence technology has become the core technology of smart manufacturing lies in that it can automatically extract key features and regular patterns in manufacturing from a large amount of raw data, and then learn the mistakes that have occurred in the past to make predictions and warnings in advance. Not only can it reduce downtime and improve process efficiency, but it can also be adjusted according to the production line promptly. Artificial intelligence refers to the intelligence displayed by human-made machines, including natural language processing, planning, and learning, and reasoning and problem-solving.
    • Obtaining data: Collect a large amount of required data through sensors such as temperature, humidity, and camera.
    • Data preprocessing: The quality of the data will affect the effect of model learning. If the learning has noisy data, it will inevitably affect the prediction results. Therefore, it is necessary to preprocess the data first to process the collected data into clean data.
    • Model establishment: The artificial intelligence model is composed of neural, which imitates the structure and function of a biological neural network to generate a mathematical model, which is used for function evaluation and operation. The model structure can be divided into the input layer, hidden layer, and output layer. Each neuron between layers is connected, and the importance of the connection between neurons is determined by weight. The operation of the nerve is through the active function, and its purpose is to introduce a nonlinear function to avoid the linear relationship between the input and the output.
    • Prediction: After continuous feature extraction through the model, the unseen data can be numerically predicted or classified. Usually, the prediction stage is faster than the training stage.

Impact of Industry 4.0:

The scope of Industry 4.0 is quite broad, including the technical concepts of M2M and the Internet of Things (IoT). In addition, the rapid development of digital and network technology has also brought a huge impact on various industries, making corporate strategies and business models increasingly challenging. As far as manufacturing is concerned, whether it is a unique product with mass production demand (large-scale customization) or a unique customized product (small-volume variety), there is a chance to achieve the same level as general mass-produced standard products. cost and maintain overall production capacity.

Although intelligent production is emphasized in the era of Industry 4.0, human beings are still of great importance, because the role of human beings will shift to using new thinking to define the rules and goals of mass production for products, systems, and mass production equipment, and carry out related planning, this is an area of work that cannot be replaced by the CPS system.

In smart factories, the functions of workers in the past will also be transformed from traditional machine operators to those who control, adjust, and make decisions on production programs to optimize the production process. With the increase in knowledge-intensive output, the professional degree of labor required by smart chemical factories will increase, and their cross-industry and cross-field capabilities will also need to be improved. Therefore, for enterprises, the cultivation of human resources will be the key.

Published: Apr 12, 2022 Source :magazine

Further reading

You might also be interested in ...

Headline
Trend
Will Micro LED Replace LCD and OLED?
The industry defines different LED technologies according to the size of the LED chip. For example, when the size of the LED chip is less than 150 μm, it is called a mini LED; and when the size of the LED chip is less than 50 μm, it is called a micro LED. As the size of backlight LED chips becomes smaller and smaller, the structure of the display panel also changes accordingly.
Headline
Trend
The Future Development Trend of the Bicycle Industry
Electric bikes are one of the keys to the future of transportation, with more electric bikes sold in the U.S. in 2021 than electric and hybrid vehicles combined. The global bicycle market size is expected to grow by 38% by 2024.
Headline
Trend
New Trends in Technological Agriculture - Towards Agriculture 4.0
With the development of digital technology and the impact and challenges of climate change, the smart agriculture application market has gradually grown in recent years.
Headline
Trend
Understand 5G At Once! Three Major Features: High Speed, Low Latency, Multiple Connections
5G technology will power a wide range of future industries from retail to education, transportation to entertainment, and smart homes to healthcare. It will make mobile more essential than it is today. What is 5G? What are the industry applications of 5G technology?
Headline
Trend
Analysis of the Global Sports Industry - Sports Trends and Business Opportunities in the Post-Epidemic Era
The sports industry was hit by the epidemic from the beginning, and then the whole industry began to transform. Whether it is the fitness industry or the sporting goods industry, the original business and sales models have changed.
Headline
Trend
Weak Demand for Consumer Electronics, Ease the Shortages of Supply Chain!
In the first half of 2022, the consumer electronics market is affected by home economics, the epidemic in China, international tensions, and high inflation. In addition to the traditional off-season, the demand for related applications such as PCs, laptops, TVs, and smartphones has cooled significantly.
Headline
Trend
What is Supply Chain Management (SCM)?
Supply chain management (SCM) is the management of the flow of goods and services and includes all processes that transform raw materials into final products. It involves the active streamlining of a business's supply-side activities to maximize customer value and gain a competitive advantage in the marketplace.
Headline
Trend
Electric Vehicle Market Are Still Optimistic and Key Trends To Observe In 2022
The growth of the electric vehicle market in 2021 exceeds expectations, reviewing several major events in 2021, and sorting out the key trends worth watching in 2022.
Headline
Trend
Taiwan Hand Tools Industry for the Next Decade
The island's hand tools sector is a centralized industry hub located in central Taiwan, where big-name companies, small-and-medium enterprises across upstream and downstream, and subcontractors co-exist together to fulfill the world's hand tools orders. All are factors and advantages in international policies that Taiwan's hand tool industry maintains could hit NTD$140 billion in 2021 as of writing. The current trajectory would ensure continued growth for at least another decade.
Headline
Trend
What is the Future of the Bicycle Industry?
In recent years, the USA bicycle industry has experienced a slow, steady growth amid a series of disruptions. Between 2014 and 2019, dollar sales grew at a compound rate of 3 percent. With each passing year, consumers spent more, propelling impressive investment in burgeoning new segments such as gravel, Ebikes, composite bikes, event bikes, and kids’ bikes. At the same time, ongoing structural shifts spurred digital distribution models also garnering a share of overall revenues.
Headline
Trend
Medical Plastics Provide Innovation and Breakthroughs for the Medical Device Industry
Plastic rubber has long been one of the important raw materials for medical equipment and pharmaceutical packaging. With the vigorous development of the industry, various high-performance plastics and technologies for medical devices have emerged. In addition to traditional medical plastics, such as PP, PVC, PE, and silicone rubber, which are commonly used in the medical device industry, some high-performance materials are important materials to promote the development of the medical device industry.
Headline
Trend
Trends Disrupting the Auto Industry - Electric Vehicles
In the next 10 years, the global auto industry will face the most significant change in history, with electric vehicles replacing internal combustion engine vehicles.
Agree