The EMS industry is moving towards advanced manufacturing and improving supply chain resilience management models. Actively enhance the resilience of the manufacturing global supply chain to create a new era of Taiwanese manufacturing.
What are Electronic Manufacturing Services (EMS)?
Electronic Manufacturing Services mainly span industries such as consumer electronics, communication equipment, computers, and network equipment, and specifically refer to manufacturers that provide a series of services such as manufacturing, procurement, partial design, and logistics for electronic product brand owners.
Compared with traditional OEM or ODM services that only provide product design and OEM production, EMS manufacturers provide knowledge and management services, such as material management, logistics transportation, and even product maintenance services. EMS is a full-line service, including product development, product production, which of course includes product procurement, product quality management, and transportation logistics, and the general EMS industry chain includes the above.
In 2020, the global output value is about 550 billion US dollars, and Taiwanese manufacturers account for 70% of the supply chain, ranking first in the world. Since the 1990s, the collaborative model of the upstream and downstream supply chains of the EMS industry has developed into a long-term partnership. However, under the influence of the China-US trade war and the COVID 19 epidemic, the global industry is facing supply chain restructuring. How to respond to the market's chain disruption test is also the key to improving the resilience of Taiwan's manufacturing global supply chain.
Global Electronic Manufacturing Services (EMS) Status:
The global electronic equipment manufacturing services (EMS) market is a decisive force in the production of electronic products and now accounts for 43% of all assemblies. And outsourcing growth was unusually high in 2020 compared to the previous year, despite the threatening COVID-19 crisis threatening supply chains and labor. The EMS industry grew by approximately 7.1% in 2020 due to sales growth, and product sales growth from notebook computers, Internet and cloud servers, and smartphones. The digital transformation of the supply chain of the electronic manufacturing service industry promotes the industrial chain to move towards high-end manufacturing
In response to high-level manufacturing policy goals, promote the digital transformation of the EMS industry supply chain
Taiwan's electronic manufacturing service industry promotes AOI defect detection technology and a common data exchange framework for equipment for surface mount technology (SMT) processes. Combining forces from all walks of life to promote common industry standards and specifications, to develop SMT process AOI defect detection technical guidelines, AOI/AI data transmission open format, and SMT process equipment data common output structure.
By combining flexible manufacturing, AI and robotic arms, and other intelligent/automation technologies, we develop high value-added products and establish a complete product traceability management system to meet customers' needs for traceability of small and diverse production history. In addition, to promote the common structure of subsequent SMT process equipment data, it is recommended to seek the resources of major manufacturers, combine the energy of Taiwan's system integration, promote the digital transformation of the supply chain system, establish a transparent production line, introduce intelligent supply chain management, improve quality recognition, and create an overall the industry will improve together.
Import AOI defect detection into SMT process
The electronic information industry is moving from digital transformation and upgrading to high-end manufacturing, and the SMT process is becoming more and more complex. Testing will play a more important role in helping customers improve production capacity and accurately control product quality. However, the misjudgment rate of AOI automatic optical inspection is a difficult point for the industry to break through, and manual re-judgment also increases production costs by 10-15%. However, the smart detection developed by each other faces the problem of incompatibility with cross-factory and equipment manufacturer data. By promoting a common framework for defect categories and inspection data, the Industrial Trade Union Federation helps EMS operators identify the source of process problems. In the future, operators can use fast and effective analysis tools to shorten a lot of engineering time. As the global manufacturing industry is gradually moving towards a "small quantity, diverse, and customized" production model, we are committed to solving the problem that the current production line relies on human re-inspection to ensure stable and efficient operation.
The transformation and upgrading of the electronic information industry towards high-end manufacturing
Taiwan plays an important role in the global manufacturing supply chain. With the widespread application of AI, artificial intelligence, and big data, industries in various countries are facing pressure to upgrade and transform. To promote the transformation and upgrading of the electronic information industry towards high-end manufacturing, various industry associations cooperate to promote the transformation and upgrading of intelligent manufacturing of PCB, passive components, and LED industries, and promote industrial transformation and upgrading. Facing the new wave of industrial competition, especially the new generation of electronic products, it is bound to drive the transformation and upgrading of EMS factories in process improvement, cost control, and supply chain collaboration. Through the introduction of common standards and applications, the bottleneck of the industry-leading to high-end manufacturing will be gradually solved.
Smart Manufacturing Innovation Era
EMS providers are faced with three major challenges: the high complexity of production processes and quality control, the high demand for connection of production process data, and the high complexity of cross-border production and supply chain systems. The government promotes the smart machinery industry innovation promotion plan, aiming to construct A complete ecosystem of smart devices, as well as assisting key manufacturing industries to introduce smart manufacturing, making Taiwan a smart manufacturing R&D base. As well as dispersing production capacity, strengthening flexibility and resilience, and establishing production bases close to the final consumer market, as well as developing cross-border and cross-domain innovative industries such as electric vehicles, advanced medical care, national defense, and aerospace, etc., and enhancing the value of R&D, the EMS industry must focus on key layout.
Focus on strengthening industrial clusters, shaping a complete value chain, deepening the integration of software and hardware towards intelligence, and strengthening the application of 5G and AI to create a green supply chain in response to net-zero carbon emissions, making Taiwan a major country in green power production and application, and then build Become a high-end manufacturing center in Asia.