What Is Information and Communications Technology (ICT)?

What Is Information and Communications Technology (ICT)?

In a very simply sense, Information and Communications Technology (ICT) is a variety of technologies that facilitate communications. ICT is often used to describe the convergence of several technologies, and the use of common transmission lines and communication formats to transfer diverse data types.
Published: Mar 31, 2022
What Is Information and Communications Technology (ICT)?

ICT is technology that is used to handle communications processes such as telecommunications, broadcast media, intelligent building management systems, audiovisual processing and transmission systems, and network-based control and monitoring functions.

Although ICT is often considered an extended synonym for information technology (IT), its scope is, in some ways, broader. ICT is often used in academics and educational institutions for audio-visual presentations, learning management systems, and assessment apps to help assess the progress of students.

What are the Components of Information and Communication Technology?

The ICT system consists of the following components:

  • Cloud Computing
  • Software
  • Hardware.
  • Transactions.
  • Communication Technologies
  • Data
  • Internet.

However, ICT and computers are not the same thing. Computers are the hardware that is often part of an ICT system.

ICT systems are used in a number of environments, such as:

  • Offices
  • Shops
  • Factories
  • Aircraft
  • Ships

They are also used in fields such as:

  • Communications
  • Medicine
  • Farming

ICT systems are in some ways common and ordinary, yet they are extraordinary in how they can add extra capabilities to what we do and want to do.

Applications of Information and Communication Technology in Everyday Life

ICT is used in fields such as e-commerce, e-governance, banking, agriculture, education, medicine, defense, transport, etc. With technological advances, advanced computing infrastructure, sophisticated marketing strategies, and reduced cycle times with robotic process automation (RPA), ICT is playing a vital role. Information and communication technology can be used in various fields, including:

ICT in Entertainment

ICT offers a variety of entertainment and leisure activities and allows for quick access to movies or music that you can watch and listen to directly from the Internet.

ICT in Medical Science

ICT is related to the devices, resources and tools needed to improve the acquisition, retrieval, storage and use of information in health and biomedicine. ICT equipment is used to increase access to home care.

ICT in Finance

ICT allows rapid calculation of financial data and provides financial services companies with strategic and innovative benefits as well as electronic transfer of money, through the use of credit cards, or e-commerce, which includes the purchase and payment via the Internet and others. ICT helps deal with security concerns, legal issues and access to global markets.

ICT in Public Sector Management

ICT provides greater public access to information and facilitates many of the public administrative activities that require meeting economic, financial, structural and legal conditions. ICT also allows people to perform many different activities such as paying bills or renewing official documents, such as driving licenses and others, over the Internet.

ICT in Home Electronics

The use of ICT in domestic electronics is developing rapidly. It has made it possible to manage household utilities and appliances through systems that control lighting, home security, air conditioning, and others.

ICT in Education

Information and communication technology contributes greatly to education because it provides a better educational environment. ICT facilitates the communication of information to students through the use of computers, tablets, data displays, interactive electronic boards, and other formats.

ICT in Agriculture

ICT also helps empower rural people by providing better farming techniques, better access to natural resources, effective production strategies, and digital marketing strategies for agribusiness and financial services, etc.

ICT in Business

ICT systems allow managers and employees to make decisions quickly and accurately so that they can effectively manage the operations and processes of day-to-day activities, and rapidly predict business opportunities or threats.

Published by Mar 31, 2022 Source :techopedia, Source :The Scientific World, Source :Bitesize

Further reading

You might also be interested in ...

What Is Co-extrusion Technology?
The characteristics of co-extrusion extrusion technology are that the substrate layer and the adhesive layer are completely fused and the extruded film itself is integrally formed, and there will be no glue residue after long-term lamination. It can be customized to achieve the purpose of cost reduction and process simplification.
Functions and Types of CNC Machining Centers
A CNC machining center is a kind of CNC machining machine which has had many other functions added. Combining milling, boring, drilling, tapping, and threading functions into one machine, enables a machining center to perform multiple processes.
What Do You Know About A Hydraulic Press?
A hydraulic press is a machine that uses hydraulic pressure to process metal, plastic, rubber, wood, powder, and other products. It is commonly used in pressing processes and press forming processes.
What Are the Types and Uses of Common Bearings?
Bearings are components that fix and reduce the friction coefficient of loads during mechanical transmission. It can also be said that when other parts move relative to each other on the shaft, it is used to reduce the friction coefficient in the process of power transmission and keep the center of the shaft fixed. Bearings are an important part of modern mechanical equipment. Its main function is to support the mechanical rotating body to reduce the friction coefficient of the mechanical load during the transmission process of the equipment. This article will continue to share the characteristics, differences and corresponding uses of several common bearings.
What Are the Types and Uses of Common Bearings? (To be continued...)
Bearings are crucial parts in mechanical equipment. Its main function is to support the mechanical rotating body to reduce the friction coefficient of the mechanical load during the transmission process of the equipment. This article will share the characteristics, differences and corresponding uses of several common bearings.
Do You Know About Selective Laser Sintering 3D Printing?
Selective laser sintering is an additive manufacturing technology that sinters small particles of polymer powder into a 3D three-dimensional structure through high-power laser light; thus, this is also called selective laser sintering 3D printing, or SLS 3D printing.
Quick Guide About Automated Guided Vehicle (AGV)
During the operation of a factory, the flow of materials determines the production efficiency of the factory. Recently, production lines have gradually added automation equipment, but the supply or handling of materials to and from the production line still relies on manual handling operations. This often results in unsmooth logistics and interrupted production flow. To avoid interruptions in supply, and reduce storage and production space, Automated Guided Vehicle (AGV) technology offers an unmanned management solution.
Types of Plastic Manufacturing Processes
Plastic products can be seen everywhere in daily life, and different plastic products are made through different processing techniques. Plastics manufacturing is the process of making plastic into semi-products or products with practical value. Plastics manufacturing usually includes primary processing and secondary processing of plastics.
How Will the Manufacturing Industry be Affected by AI Robots?
Artificial intelligence has brought in a new generation of robotics technology: Robotics 2.0. The principal challenge is the transformation from original manual programming methods to true autonomous learning. Faced with this challenge for innovation in AI robotics, how can Taiwan's manufacturing industry best seize the opportunity?
Do You Know About Semiconductor Supply Chain?
Semiconductor supply chain include all kinds of semiconductor manufacturing and design industries, such as IC manufacturing, IC packaging and testing, IC design, and discrete component manufacturing.
What Are the Different Types of Electric Linear Actuators?
With the continuous development of the downstream industry of linear actuator and the continuous expansion of linear actuator applications, the global demand for linear actuator has shown a rapid growth. In 2019, the global linear actuator market has exceeded 15 billion yuan.
What Are the Common Types of Plastic Machinery in the Plastics Industry?
Plastic molding processing technology has been widely used in the production of many high-tech products, such as auto parts, 3C electronic products, connectors, displays, mobile phones, plastic optical lenses, biomedical application products, and general daily necessities, etc. With the trend of diversification of product usage and variability in functional requirements, plastic molding processing technology is booming day by day.