Looking at the Japanese Machinery Market from General Machinery
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Looking at the Japanese Machinery Market from General Machinery

Japan is one of the leading countries in the machinery industry, with superb machinery manufacturing technology, and the output value of the machinery industry accounts for about half of Japan's overall manufacturing industry.
Published: Jul 21, 2020
Looking at the Japanese Machinery Market from General Machinery

The machinery of the World-Japan

The scope of the machinery industry includes the machinery industry in a broad sense and machinery industry in a narrow sense. The machinery industry in a broad sense includes general machinery, electronic motors, transportation vehicles, precision appliances, etc. The machinery industry in a narrow sense usually refers to the machinery and equipment industry, which is called General Machinery in Japan.

The representatives of the world's best mechanical powers are Germany, the United States, and Japan. The population of Germany is 82.79 million, and the national income is US$47,450/person-year. The United States has a population of 327.16 million people, and its national income is US$62,850/person-year. Japan has a population of 126.23 million, and its national income is US$41,340 per person-year.

Japan ranks in the forefront of the world's machinery and equipment, Japan's population is 39% of the United States, machinery and equipment exports are 86% of the United States. Japan’s population is 5.3 times that of Taiwan, and exports are 5.3 times that of Taiwan. Japan’s machinery and equipment industry are more advanced than Taiwan’s. Japan’s machinery and equipment exports in 2018 amounted to US$144.3 billion, of which Asia accounted for 60%, North America accounted for 24%, Europe accounted for about 10%, and other markets accounted for about 6%.

According to the information released by the German VDMA Machinery Association, in 2017, Germany accounted for 15.9% of global machinery and equipment trade, China accounted for 13.2%, the United States accounted for 10.0%, Japan accounted for 9.6%, Italy accounted for 7.3%, and the top five together accounted for about 6 Into trade volume.

Global Machinery Industry

The German VDMA Machinery Association estimates that the global turnover of the machinery and equipment industry in 2018 is 2.600 billion euros. The top five producing countries are China, the United States, Germany, Japan, and Italy, which together account for about 70% of global revenue. The top ten accounts for about 80% of global revenue. It is estimated that Japan's machinery and equipment industry revenue in 2018 reached 264 billion euros, accounting for 10.2% of the global machinery and equipment industry.

  1. The proportion of general machinery industry in manufacturing

    The general machinery industry is the most important industry in advanced countries. According to data from advanced countries such as Japan, Germany, and the United States, the machinery industry in a broad sense accounts for about half of the overall manufacturing industry.

    According to data from the Japanese manufacturing industry, in 2018, the machinery and equipment industry revenue was 1,6352.5 billion yen, the electronic and electrical industry 1,8591.3 billion yen, the transportation tool industry 34,150.9 billion yen, and the precision machinery industry 1.5536.5 billion yen. , In 2016, Machinery industry totaled 13,6365.6 billion yen, and Japan's overall manufacturing revenue was 296.591 billion yen. Japan's machinery industry accounted for 47% of the manufacturing industry.

  2. Representative indicators of the Japanese machinery and equipment industry

    The machinery and equipment industry are the most important industry in advanced countries. According to data from advanced countries such as Japan and Germany, the machinery and equipment industry accounts for about 10% of the overall manufacturing industry.

    The machinery and equipment industry must support the entire country’s manufacturing industry, and more importantly, the defense industry. The country’s production business relies on the machinery and equipment industry to enhance its competitiveness. The autonomous defense industry also needs the support of state-of-the-art machinery and equipment.

    The characteristics of the machinery and equipment industry are a large investment, slow recovery, high-tech talents, etc. The machinery and equipment industry is a truly capital-intensive, technology-intensive, and talent-intensive industry. There are many small and medium-sized machinery and equipment companies in Japan, supported by technology. The development of industries such as automobiles and electronic motors.

    Japan’s machinery and equipment industry are the industry with the highest concentration of engineering and technical talents and the highest productivity. It ranks among the top in the world in terms of the number of machinery entrepreneurs, employees, corporate revenue, personnel productivity, production value, and exports. It is also the most important in the world. Source of machinery and equipment. Japan is also the country with the most complete mechanical technical training and talent appraisal.

    In 2016, Japan’s Broad Machinery Industry had 35,356 entrepreneurs, total industrial revenue of 13,6365.6 billion-yen, employment of 3.06 million employees, and employee productivity of 44.9 million yen per person-year. The machinery and equipment industry are 16.352.5 billion-yen, accounting for 5.5% of the manufacturing industry. Representative products of machinery and equipment, such as power machinery, civil engineering construction machinery, transportation machinery, and robots, metalworking machinery, air conditioning, and refrigeration machinery, semiconductors and panels Six representative products, including equipment, have a total production value of 10 trillion-yen, accounting for 62.3% of machinery and equipment. Representative indicators of the Japanese machinery and equipment industry.

  3. Representative products of the Japanese machinery and equipment industry

    The machinery and equipment industry must support the country’s overall manufacturing industry. The country’s production business relies on the machinery and equipment industry to enhance its competitiveness. The machinery and equipment industry in Japan can be broadly classified into more than 20 products and several thousand products.

    Representative industries of Japan’s machinery and equipment industry include power machinery, civil construction and mining machinery, chemical equipment, plastic and rubber machinery, printing and paper machinery, fluid machinery, air, and hydraulic machinery, transport machinery and robots, power transmission equipment, metalwork Machinery, air-conditioning and refrigeration machinery, semiconductor and panel equipment, metal secondary processing machinery, casting machinery, etc.

    In addition, textile machinery, food, and beverage machinery, packaging machinery, agricultural and woodworking machinery, business machinery, business machinery, bearings, and other parts, molds, precision cutting tools, inspection, and testing equipment, etc., are also representative products of mechanical equipment.

  4. The output value of representative products of Japan's machinery and equipment industry

    The machinery and equipment industry must support the entire country's manufacturing industry. The country's production business depends on the machinery and equipment industry to enhance its competitiveness. The machinery and equipment industry in Japan can be broadly classified into more than 20 products. The current production status of each product is as follows.

    Japan’s representative products of machinery and equipment, the production volume in 2018 was 2,184.8 billion yen in order of air-conditioning and refrigeration machinery, accounting for 13.4% of the production volume. Semiconductor and panel equipment are 2,744.2 billion-yen, accounting for 12.7%. Civil engineering and mining machinery were 1,731.9 billion-yen, accounting for 10.6%. Power machinery is 1.625.8 billion-yen, accounting for 9.9%. Transport machinery and robots were 1,333.5 billion-yen, accounting for 8.2%. Metalworking machinery is 1,236.7 billion-yen, accounting for 7.6%. The above six items together account for 62% of machinery and equipment production.

    In addition, the production value of air hydraulic machinery is 945.1 billion yen, bearings and other parts are 838.2 billion-yen, machine tools and tools are 502.5 billion-yen, power transmission equipment is 464.7 billion-yen, fluid machinery is 466.2 billion yen, and agricultural and woodworking machinery is 440.9 billion yen. Yen, mold 400.5 billion yen. Printing and paper machinery, food and beverage and packaging machinery, metal processing and casting machinery, textile machinery, chemical equipment, plastic and rubber machinery, business machinery, business machinery, inspection, and testing equipment, etc.

  5. The world's leading products in the Japanese machinery and equipment industry

    According to the assessment of the German VDMA Machinery Association, in 2015, in the global trade of machinery and equipment, Japan's semiconductor and panel equipment accounted for 28% of the global trade, and power machinery accounted for 21% of the global trade. These two items ranked first in the world. Japan's machine tool exports accounted for 18% of global trade, and civil engineering and construction machinery accounted for 12% of trade, both ranking second in the world. In addition, Japan's precision tool tools rank third in the world for export.

    In the global trade of Japanese machinery and equipment, the most representative ones are semiconductor and panel equipment. In 2018, the production value was 274.2 billion yen, an increase of 9.8% over the same period last year. According to Germany's VDMA, the global trade volume in 2015 was 42 billion euros, with Japan accounting for 28.2%, ranking first in the world. The main export markets are the United States, Taiwan, South Korea, China, Singapore, and other markets.

    Japan’s machinery and equipment are traded in the world. Engines and systems are representative. In 2018, the production value was 1,625.8 billion yen, an increase of 14.0% over the same period last year. According to Germany's VDMA, the global trade volume in 2015 was 23.7 billion euros, with Japan accounting for 20.6%, ranking first in the world. The main export markets are Asia, North America, Europe, and other markets.

    In addition, in the global trade of machinery and equipment, Japan's representative work machinery is the production value of 1,236.7 billion yen in 2018, an increase of 9.5% over the same period last year. According to the German VDMA's assessment, the global trade volume in 2015 was 48.5 billion Euros, and Japan accounted for 18.5%, ranking second in the world after Germany. The main export markets are the United States, Europe, China, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, India, Vietnam, and other markets.

    In addition, in global trade, the representative of Japan is a civil engineering construction machinery, with a production value of 1731.9 billion yen in 2018. According to Germany's VDMA, the global trade volume in 2015 was 75.9 billion euros, and Japan accounted for 11.7%, ranking second in the world, second only to mainland China. The main export markets are Asia, North America, Europe, and other markets.

    In global trade, Japan is representative of precision tools and knives, with a production value of 502.5 billion yen in 2018, an increase of 8.3% over the same period last year. According to the German VDMA's assessment, the global trade volume in 2015 was 36.7 billion Euros, with Japan accounting for 10.9%, ranking third in the world, second only to mainland China and Germany. The main export markets are North America, Europe, Mainland China, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, India, and other markets.

    Japanese robot products are the world's number one industry. According to statistics from the Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry of Japan, in 2018, industrial robots produced 206,173 units, with an output value of 651.4 billion yen, an increase of 3.3% over the same period last year.

  6. Japan's 2019 machinery and equipment export markets and projects

    Japan's machinery and equipment industry exported $144.3 billion in 2018, an increase of 7.2% over the previous year. Exports in 2019 amounted to USD 133.6 billion, a decrease of 7.4% from the previous year. Among them, exports to Asia accounted for 60%, North America accounted for about 24%, Europe accounted for about 10%, and other markets accounted for about 6%.

    In the export market of Japanese machinery and equipment in 2019, the United States ranked first in exports with a value of 31.6 billion US dollars, accounting for 23.6% of total exports, an increase of 4.9% over the same period last year. China ranked second in export value of US$30.5 billion, accounting for 22.8% of exports, a decrease of 11.6% from the same period last year. Third, Taiwan’s export value was 8.64 billion US dollars, accounting for 6.5%, an increase of 23.6%.

    Exports to South Korea are 8.21 billion US dollars, accounting for 6.1%, Thailand’s 6.22 billion US dollars, accounting for 4.7%, and the Netherlands’ exports 3.96 billion US dollars, accounting for 3.0%. Exports to Indonesia are 3.82 billion US dollars, Germany 3.29 billion US dollars, India 2.98 billion US dollars, Singapore 2.80 billion US dollars, Vietnam 2.47 billion US dollars, and the UK 2.46 billion US dollars. The top 12 export markets account for more than 80% of Japan's exports.

  7. Japan's machinery and equipment industry export products in 2019

    Japan is the leader of the world's machinery and equipment. Japan's machinery exports in 2018 amounted to US$144.3 billion, an increase of 7.2% over the previous year. Among them, exports to Asia accounted for 60%, North America accounted for 24%, Europe accounted for about 10%, and other markets accounted for about 6%.

    The machinery and equipment industry is the most important industry in advanced countries. According to data from advanced countries such as Germany and Japan, the machinery and equipment industry is the foundation for supporting the country's overall manufacturing industry.

    Japan's machinery and equipment industry's representative product projects, in 2018, the export value was 144.3 billion U.S. dollars, and the export value in 2019 was 133.6 billion U.S. dollars, a decrease of 7.4% from the previous year. The representative products ranked first in semiconductor and panel equipment exports with a value of 24.7 billion US dollars, accounting for 18.5% of the total exports. Exports of engines and other components amounted to USD 23.8 billion, accounting for 17.8% of total exports. The export volume of paper and printing machinery was 10.3 billion US dollars, accounting for 7.8% of total exports. Is the export value of construction machinery at 10.1 billion US dollars, special function machinery exports at 9.64 billion US dollars, mechanical components at 9.15 billion US dollars, fluid machinery exports at 9.12 billion US dollars, and machine tool exports at 7.94 billion US dollars. These eight products can account for about 80% of exports.

    In addition, the export value of valve products is 4.97 billion US dollars, the export value of chemical machinery is 4.53 billion US dollars, the export value of transportation machinery is 3.58 billion US dollars, the export value of plastic and rubber machinery is 2.64 billion US dollars, the export value of textile machinery is 2.38 billion US dollars, and the machine tool components are 1.85 billion US dollars. , Air-conditioning and refrigeration equipment are also representatives.

    Others such as mining equipment, robots and automation, metal smelting production equipment, motor automation technology, manufacturing machinery, industrial furnaces, welding technology, etc.

  8. Overview the world's leading products in the Japanese machinery and equipment industry

    The machinery and equipment industry are the most important industry in advanced countries. According to data from advanced countries such as Germany, Japan, and the United States, the machinery and equipment industry is the foundation that supports the country's overall manufacturing industry. Since most of the machinery and equipment industries are small and medium-sized enterprises, there are substantial difficulties in real GDP surveys. According to the survey requirements of the Japanese Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry (METI), companies with more than 50 people must be surveyed.

    Japan’s main market for work machinery is in Asia. Due to the advanced electronics industry, small vertical machining centers have been developed, which are used in the processing of electronic components and auto parts. The average unit price is about $60,000 per unit. This Japanese equipment is also ranked first in the world. As the materials used in the 3C industry are turning to brittle and hard materials, composite materials, etc., Japan is promoting the research and development of new work machinery.

    In particular, Japan’s exports of semiconductors and panel equipment, electronic machinery, etc. in 2019 were USD 24.7 billion, an increase of 9.4% over the previous year. Japan is a global leader in semiconductor and panel equipment. At present, the main sources of global equipment are Japan, the United States, and the Netherlands. Moreover, the production bases are mainly in the United States and Northeast Asian countries, where production investment is large and demand is strong, and competitors come from the United States, Japan, Taiwan, South Korea, and China. The main reason for the strong Japanese equipment is that Japan itself can dominate the electronics and semiconductor industries. There are many companies in Japan that can experiment and provide opportunities for Japanese companies to continue to research and develop such machinery and equipment.

    Japan ranks among the top production and export countries in the global machinery and equipment industry, especially in the high-end machinery and equipment industry. Japan's technical engineering capabilities, technical personnel, and system integration also occupy a leading position in the world. However, due to cultural and dietary habits, there is a gap with Germany. The industrial machinery and equipment mainly used in European and American countries, such as food packaging, agriculture, wood processing, plastic and rubber processing, textiles, etc., are obviously lagging behind Germany. It is difficult to sell to the European and American markets. The main reason is that Germany and Europe are the sources of such manufacturers. The industries in this field are mainly in Europe and North America, and this industrial equipment are more suitable for research and development in Germany and Europe.

Published by Jul 21, 2020 Source :tami

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