Is Low-carbon Production the Solution to Global Climate Change?
What is a low-carbon manufacturing plan?
The Low Carbon Manufacturing Plan (LCMP) aims to reduce the carbon emissions of plants and assist manufacturers in fulfilling their environmental responsibilities. It provides manufacturers with tools to measure the effectiveness of carbon reduction and a label rating system to enable them to grasp the best measures for managing greenhouse gases.Low-carbon production development promotion goals:
To fully guide the low-carbon production of the industry, various manufacturing departments in various countries actively promote low-carbon production plans, hoping to improve energy efficiency and use clean energy. In addition to continuing to promote energy efficiency improvements, the guidance of process equipment replacement, the introduction of new process technology, and low-carbon fuel substitution will lead the industry in low-carbon production, open up the broad potential for volume reduction, and promote low-carbon industry sustainability. Develop and accelerate the implementation of greenhouse gas reduction targets in the industrial sector.
Advantages of low-carbon production development:
Under the depletion of fossil energy such as global warming and petroleum, how to save energy consumption in the production field and work to reduce greenhouse gas emissions such as CO2 is low-carbon production. Low-carbon production is based on the development objective of advocating low-carbon concepts, pursuing energy efficiency, and clean energy development from the perspective of supply. The following are the characteristics of low-carbon production:
- Full energy consumption:
Refers to the sum of energy consumption and indirect energy consumption in production. Energy consumption in production refers to the energy consumption of product production, primary energy consumption such as coal, oil, and natural gas, and secondary energy consumption such as electricity, gas, and steam; Or construction energy consumption.
- Low emissions:
Relatively low carbon emissions and absolute low carbon emissions are two situations. Based on the cost-benefit principle of resources and output, the relative increase in economic benefits per unit of carbon element in production, that is, the increase in greenhouse gas emissions is lower than the increase in production output, can be called relatively low carbon emissions; The latter emphasizes the absolute reduction of the total amount of carbon emissions by enterprises, industries, regions or during the period. Excessive pursuit of production progress, the total carbon emissions may still increase significantly, and the global warming of greenhouse gas emissions such as carbon dioxide is a series of environmental and ecological reasons. Low-carbon emissions are only relatively low-carbon emissions, and the absolute reduction in the total emissions of the entire international community should be the primary goal.
- High output:
Refers to using less material and energy consumption to produce more social wealth. In the discussion about low-carbon production, carbon productivity indicators are introduced to measure low-carbon production. Carbon productivity refers to the product output value or industry, region, or gross product (GDP) produced per unit of CO2 emissions. The higher the value, the higher the low-carbon production.
That is, it emphasizes that low-carbon production is based on the idea of "continuous improvement" and "dynamic balance", and explores ways to save energy consumption and reduce CO2 emissions with the entire industrial chain of product design, production, and consumption.
In different stages of development or different industrial structures, the intensity of energy consumption and carbon emission intensity is different. In the industry, the energy intensity of the heavy chemical industry is much higher than that of the general manufacturing industry; in the same industry, the lower the technology, the higher the energy intensity. The industrial structure affects the total energy consumption and the intensity of energy consumption. The industry is an industry that saves energy, reduces emissions, and promotes low-carbon production.
The way low-carbon production should be analyzed at different levels such as micro, meso, or macro.
With the progress of industry and society, to achieve environmental protection and sustainable development, all countries should attach importance to low-carbon manufacturing plans, to strike a balance between social development and environmental protection. As climate anomalies and changes intensify, there is an even more urgent need to actively reduce carbon production.