With the advent of Industry 4.0, countries have also adjusted their industrial manufacturing strategies to enhance their smart manufacturing capabilities.
Overview of worldwide policy strategies in Industry 4.0
With the World Economic Forum officially proclaiming the advent of the fourth industrial revolution era in 2016. Recalling the strategy of developing Industry 4.0 in various countries, its promotion goals focus on strengthening the main position of enterprise technological innovation, introducing emerging technologies to improve resource utilization and utilization efficiency, and establish innovative products and business models to create more value opportunities, and increase national research funding and strengthen research and development of key scientific research areas/projects. The strategic connotations adopted by various countries include increasing the R & D budget for technological innovation, supporting the investment of technological innovation talents, encouraging open innovation activities, activating local development through technological innovation, deepening the link with overseas growth markets, and expanding R & D investment and implementing systems. Reform, etc.
Germany: adopt a laissez-faire attitude toward the regulation of the innovation industry, and abundant sources of funds are the key reasons for the formation of the innovation ecosystem. In the field of smart manufacturing, Germany’s priority technology areas will focus on the three technologies of cloud computing, smart grid and big data analysis.
The United States: The ecosystem will be dominated by industry and academia, and its government will only play ancillary roles. The promotion strategies include the introduction of new ventures into university research parks, enterprise-sponsored research projects to cultivate industrial professionals, and the same teaching methods through industry teachers to promote young people to encourage innovation and other measures.
Japan: the government plays an important role in the innovation ecosystem. The government sets the direction of innovation development and conducts integrated planning of scientific research institutions, and then large private enterprises lead the content of innovation activities.
South Korea: Regarding the demand for scientific and technological talents, it is through various incentive policies to attract the entry of global scientific and technological talents to make up for the gap in the shortage of technological talents in the innovation industry.
Taiwan: Looking at Taiwan's manufacturing industry, it is facing two major difficulties. First, due to the late start of the development of Industry 4.0, it will fall behind the advanced countries in key technologies, so that the domestic technical level cannot be in line with international trends, and SMEs are facing transformation.
Conclusions and recommendations
Given the global smart manufacturing output value that will exceed the US $ 320 billion by 2020, manufacturers investing in smart manufacturing throughout the entire business ecosystem are expected to drive the annual compound growth rate (CAGR) of the smart manufacturing output value from 2017 to 2020 to 12.5%.
Secondly, on the legal practices of liability attribution and damage compensation, experts suggest that we can cut in from the evaluation criteria to first ensure the security of smart technology applications, and then discuss the various roles (such as R & D personnel, users, competent authorities, etc.) in design, Operation, management, and other responsibilities, and establish a unified power handling unit to coordinate cross-ministerial issues.
Based on the above, the government should respect the market mechanism and build a good open legal environment. Through counseling, education, and training, the introduction of international technical talents and tax incentives, enterprises should be allowed to lead the design of their smart manufacturing models and work in the government. Fair competition in a free market.